Joseph Pitton de Tournefort first used the scientific name of the genus Fumaria in 1700. Some time later, in 1753, Karl Linney took over the name of this plant in Species plantarum. Latin word “fumus” means “smoke”. According to one theory, the etymology of the name fumus or “smoke” is from the formation of the actual smoke during the process of burning the roots of the plant.
Withania somnifera (known as ashwagandha) is a perennial bush that belongs to the Solanaceae family. It’s a popular healing plant in Ayurvedic medicine. The name ‘ashwagandha’ derives from the Sanskrit language and signifies "the smell of a horse", probably because the roots of the herb have a horse-like scent. Ashwagandha originates from North Africa and India.
Loquat is an evergreen flowering tree or shrub that belongs to the Rosaceae family and is native to China. It has a short trunk, a rounded crown and lanate twigs. The height of the plant can vary from 3 to 10 m. The leaves are alternately arranged, about 10-25 cm long, dark green, tenacious, coriaceous, with serrated edges and hairy underside.
Caraway is one of the most ancient spices known to people. The seeds of the plant have a powerful healing effect. The useful properties of caraway are widely used in folk medicine and healthy eating. The range of diseases that are cured with the help of caraway is huge. Regular consumption of this spice in food is an excellent prevention and support to the body.
Plantain, or Plantago major, is a perennial, herbaceous, flowering herb in the Plantaginaceae family. The plant is native to Europe and Asia, but nowadays is widespread throughout the world. The oval smooth-edged leaves are usually 5-20 cm long and 4-9 cm wide. They are arranged in a rosette which is about 15-30 cm across.
Elecampane is a tall, perennial, rhizomatous plant that can grow up to 90-150 cm in height. It originates from Europe and Asia but now is also naturalized in North America. The herb usually grows along roads, on the river banks and forest edges. The leaves are green, serrated, covered with thin pubescence on the upper side and with velvet hairs on the underside.
Basil is a spicy, medicinal, annual, highly branched plant. Its leaflets are oblong, ovate, rare-toothed up to 5.5 cm long, has green or purple colour. Plant has a very pleasant balsamic smell. The stems, leaves and flower cups are rough to the touch. They accumulate the essential oil.
Since old times black radish and honey has been considered as strong anti-microbial remedy and immunomodulator. Black radish and honey act as a very effective natural remedy against various diseases, especially this remedy can strengthen your immunity and fight respiratory illnesses.
Viola odorata is a perennial flowering plant that belongs to the genus Viola. This flower originates from Asia and Europe but it was also spread to Australia and North America. The other names of the plant include Banafsa, wood violet, sweet violet and common violet. Viola odorata can grow up to 4-6 inches in height.
This pretty and aromatic herb attracts everybody’s attention by its wonderful healing properties and a great culinary value. The history of this plant is very rich as it has been widely used for various purposes since ancient times.