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03 Sep
Posted By: Anastasiya Times Read: 1056


LATIN NAME: Ruta Graveolens

HINDI NAME: Sudapa, Sadab

ORIGIN: Southern Europe, Mediterranean Region

HABITAT: Western Asia, Mediterranean Region, Africa, Southern Europe. The plant grows on dry, usually stony and gravelly slopes and rocks. In some countries, Rue is cultivated as a decorative, medicinal, and ethereal plant.

BOTANICAL INFORMATION: Fragrant rue (lat. Ruta graveolens) - a species of the genus rue (lat. Ruta) of the subfamily proper ruta (lat. Rutoideae), a family (lat. Rutaceae). The genus includes seven species, among which there are herbs or shrubs.

Rue is a perennial herb with a pronounced smell. It has a very firm stem and can reach a height of seventy centimeters. The plant has very interesting leaves- if to shine them through, it seems that they are all dotted with small holes. These points are glands with essential oil.

The flowers have green-yellow color. The fruit is a spherical tetrathecal box. Rue blooms in June - July.

Insects, usually small flower flies, pollinate the plant. This spice has a unique adaptations to cross pollination at the root are the ability of stamens and stalks to make certain movements during flowering, as a result of which they take a different position during this process.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION: Rue leaves contain essential oil, flavocolrutin, alkaloids, furonumarin, furocoumarins, xanthoxine, rutin, coumarin , umbelliferone, bergapten, flavonoids - rutin, quercetin, as well as organic acids (malic, valerianic) and vitamin C.

ACTIONS: Ruta Graveolens has a lot of positive effects on human’s body, including emmenagogue, antiarthritic, antibacterial, anticancer, antidiarrheal, antihysteric, antirheumatic, bitter, carminative, digestive, emetic, sedative, stimulant and stomachic.


  • This Indian spice strengthens the whole body, increases immune system, fights viruses and bacteria, relieves body inflammation, cramps, stops bleeding, and promotes wound healing.
  • Ruta Graveolens decreases blood pressure and calms heart down, reducing the number of heart tightening.
  • Rue relieves spasms from the urinary and biliary tract, improves the outflow of bile, and relieves tension in gastrointestinal tract.
  • The root of the herb is helpful for the treatment of low acidity gastritis and stomach colics.
  • This amazing Mediterranean spice has unique detoxifying characteristic and is used even for snakebites.
  • Such conditions as neuralgia, lumbago, rheumatism are effectively cured with this fragrant herb.
  • People prefer to use Rue decoctions as a disinfectant for the treatment of conjunctivitis and inflammation of the eyelids.
  • This Mediterranean herb is used topically for skin rashes and other skin conditions.
  • Indian people used Rue root as a remedy for liver and heart diseases treatment. It is also a useful remedy for colds and coughs.


Ruta Graveolens is not recommended to be used with hyperacid gastritis and peptic ulcer, uterine bleeding, colitis, acidity as well as during menstruation.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding period is another contraindication for using this herb.


Even the ancient Greeks knew this spicy Indian plant.  According to some historical facts, the Greek philosopher Socrates, treated one of his friends to cheese with a Rue root.

Ruta Graveolens was considered a universal antidote. Monks relieved sexual desire with the help of this herb and it was also a favored plant in the monastery gardens. The root of Rue was valued mainly as an antidote, it was also used to fight the infectious diseases.

Rue gave the name to a useful medicinal substance: routine, which was isolated from it back in 1842.

*Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult with your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

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