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11 Jun
Posted By: Anastasiya Times Read: 1153

LATIN NAME: Lobelia Inflata

ORIGIN: America

HABITAT: It is found in eastern and central America and some parts of Canada. It grows in open, sunny places along the roads.

BOTANICAL INFORMATION: Lobelia inflate is North American species of the genus Lobelia (lat. Lobelia) of the subfamily Lobelie (lat. Lobelioideae) of the Bellflower family (lat. Campanulaceae). The largest number of Lobelies (1200 species) grows in America (about 800 species), as well as in Africa, Australia, Asia and New Zealand. Lobelia is an annual herbaceous plant 40–90 cm tall, with a fine-leafed root system. The stem is upright, slightly branched, slightly pubescent, tetrahedral and contains milky sap.Leaves are alternate, 3-10 cm long, elongate-ovate, thin, bare, dark green above, with depressed veins, and lighter with protruding veins from below; lower are petiolate, middle and upper are sessile.The flowers are bisexual, small (5-6 mm long) light blue or bluish-purple in color. 5 stamens with purple anthers are fused into a tube. The fruit of the herb is bilocular, swollen box, 7–10 mm long, with a remaining cup. Seeds are numerous, oblong, yellowish-brown in color. It blooms from June to August, bears fruit in August.

CHEMICAL COMPASITION: All parts of Lobelia are rich in alkaloids. There are about 20 of them,  among the most popular are lobelin, lobelanidin, lobininin, lobelanin, lelobanidin, lobinanidin. The plant is also rich in micro and macro elements, such as iron, copper, barium, strontium, lithium, silver, selenium, zinc and cobalt.

ACTIONS:  It is believed that Lobelia possesses expectorant, antispasmodic, emetic, relaxant, analgesic, anesthetic, anodyne, antiasthmatic, antibacterial, anticancer, anticatarrhal, antihistamine, astringent, decongestant, diaphoretic, diuretic, nervine, sedative actions on the body.

HEALTH BENEFITS: Lobelia is quite popular in traditional medicine:

Lobelia is used against paralysis of the respiratory tract in cases of poisoning, asthma and convulsions;

It is effective when using topically for such ringworm infection;

Helps to improve memory and concentration, so it is used to help manage ADHD;

Antioxidants in its chemical composition fight free radicalsp;

Lobelia helps to stop smoking, relieve withdrawal symptoms, clear the airways of harmful effects, make the process of treating nicotine addiction safer.


Lobelia is a poisonous plant. The use of drugs based on it requires caution and a doctor's prescription.

To protect yourself from potential risk do not consume Lobelia during pregnancy;

People with severe lesions of the cardiovascular system should avoid consuming it;

Exhaustion of the respiratory center is another contraindication for this plant usage.


As a medicinal plant Lobelia was first used in England in 1828. Alkaloid lobelin was isolated in the years 1877-1878.

Wild Lobelia is found in North America. At home, Lobelia grass was used by Indians as tobacco. One of its national names - Indian tobacco is connected with it.

The generic name comes from the name of Lobel - the Dutch botanist (1538), the doctor of the English king Jacob I.

*Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

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